Home | Articles
Published on:11th April,2014
Pharmacognosy Communications, 2014; 4(2):3-7
Research Article | doi:10.5530/pc.2014.2.2

Phytochemical and pharmacognostic evaluation of leaves of Pongamia pinnata L. (Fabaceae)


Authors and affiliation (s):

Disha Menpara and Sumitra Chanda*

Phytochemical, Pharmacological and Microbiological Laboratory, Department of Biosciences, Saurashtra University, Rajkot-360005, Gujarat, India.

Abstract:

Objective: The objective of this study was to carry out phytochemical and pharmacognostic evaluation of leaves of Pongamia pinnata L. (Fabacea). Method: The present study provides pharmacognostic, physicochemical and phytochemical details of the leaves of P. pinnata. Macro and microscopic evaluation and WHO recommended parameters were followed in the study. Results: The macroscopic study showed that the leaf was ovate or elliptic with smooth margins, short petiole, alternate imparipinnate, hairless, acuminate at apex, rounded to cuneate at base and slightly thickened. Microscopic study revealed collateral, closed vascular bundles, trichomes, paracytic stomata, xylem vessels and prismatic calcium oxalate crystals. Physiochemical analysis of leaf showed total ash, water soluble ash and acid insoluble ash as 8.33±0.31, 2.33±0.36 and 0.5±0.0 %w/w respectively. Preliminary phytochemical screening showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, triterpenes, cardiac glycosides, steroids and saponins. Conclusions: The results of this study can serve as valuable source of information for identification of this plant for future investigation and applications.

KEY WORDS: Pongamia pinnata, pharmacognostic, phytochemical, physicochemical, leaf.

 

Articles in PDF, ePUB and Full text are attached to this page. In order to download, print or access these formats you must be logged in.
CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
8 + 3 =
Solve this simple math problem and enter the result. E.g. for 1+3, enter 4.




 

Article Links