Warning: Duplicate entry '24497069' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:44:\"Only variables should be passed by reference\";s:5:\"%file\";s:64:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/captcha/captcha.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:61;}', 3, '', 'http://www.phcogfirst.com/article/1309', '', '54.81.71.219', 1529812251) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Duplicate entry '24497069' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:44:\"Only variables should be passed by reference\";s:5:\"%file\";s:64:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/captcha/captcha.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:61;}', 3, '', 'http://www.phcogfirst.com/article/1309', '', '54.81.71.219', 1529812251) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Duplicate entry '24497069' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://www.phcogfirst.com/article/1309', '', '54.81.71.219', 1529812251) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Duplicate entry '24497069' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:109:\"Declaration of views_handler_field::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:83:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_field.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'http://www.phcogfirst.com/article/1309', '', '54.81.71.219', 1529812251) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Duplicate entry '24497069' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:136:\"Declaration of views_handler_argument::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:86:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'http://www.phcogfirst.com/article/1309', '', '54.81.71.219', 1529812251) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Duplicate entry '24497069' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:112:\"Declaration of views_handler_argument::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:86:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'http://www.phcogfirst.com/article/1309', '', '54.81.71.219', 1529812251) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Duplicate entry '24497069' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:134:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:84:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'http://www.phcogfirst.com/article/1309', '', '54.81.71.219', 1529812251) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Duplicate entry '24497069' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:110:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:84:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'http://www.phcogfirst.com/article/1309', '', '54.81.71.219', 1529812251) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Duplicate entry '24497069' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:127:\"Declaration of views_plugin_query::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:81:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_query.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'http://www.phcogfirst.com/article/1309', '', '54.81.71.219', 1529812251) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Duplicate entry '24497069' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:139:\"Declaration of views_plugin_argument_validate::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:93:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_argument_validate.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'http://www.phcogfirst.com/article/1309', '', '54.81.71.219', 1529812251) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: Duplicate entry '24497069' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:130:\"Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:79:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:0;}', 3, '', 'http://www.phcogfirst.com/article/1309', '', '54.81.71.219', 1529812251) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135
Experimental Evaluation of Anthelmintic effect of Gallic Acid
Home | Articles
Published on:2nd Feb, 2015
Pharmacognosy Communications, 2015; 5(2):145-147
Research Article | doi:10.5530/pc.2015.2.6

Experimental Evaluation of Anthelmintic effect of Gallic Acid


Authors and affiliation (s):

Mohit Patel, Aditya Ganeshpurkar*, Divya Bansal, Nazneen Dubey

Shri Ram Institute of Technology-Pharmacy, Jabalpur, M.P., India.

Abstract:

Background: Helminth infestation is most prevalent infestations by parasites, which affects large part of world’s population. It is one of the leading causes of malnutrition among children. Gallic acid (3,4,5 trihydroxybenzoic acid), a plant polyphenol, is a naturally abundant gallotannin, which is found in vegetables, fruits, legumes and beverages. The present study was undertaken to explore anthelmintic activity of gallic acid. Materials and Methods: Five concentrations (25, 50 and 100 mg/ml) of gallic acid were studied in the anthelmintic bioassay to determine the paralysis time and death time in the worm Pheretima posthuma. Piperazine citrate was used as standard in the study. The results are expressed as mean ± standard error of mean. Experiments were always performed in triplicates. Results: Gallic acid exposure to worms caused a dose dependent paralysis and death. At lower concentration, (10 mg/ml) paralysis time was 29.27 ± 1.62 min and time for death was 52.11 ± 1.92 min. Increase in concentration of gallic acid (100 mg/ml) caused paralysis within 20 min (20.97 ± 1.93) and death was observed within first 30 min (30.11 ± 1.63) Conclusion: The study confirms the significant anthelmintic activities of gallic acid. However further studies on tape worms and other worms is needed to be undertaken.

Key words: Anthelmintic, Gallic acid, Piperazine citrate.

 

Articles in PDF, ePUB and Full text are attached to this page. In order to download, print or access these formats you must be logged in.
Warning: Duplicate entry '24497069' for key 'PRIMARY' query: INSERT INTO dr_watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:44:\"Only variables should be passed by reference\";s:5:\"%file\";s:64:\"/home/phcogfir/public_html/sites/all/modules/captcha/captcha.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:61;}', 3, '', 'http://www.phcogfirst.com/article/1309', '', '54.81.71.219', 1529812251) in /home/phcogfir/public_html/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135
CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
5 + 0 =
Solve this simple math problem and enter the result. E.g. for 1+3, enter 4.




 

Article Links